От восхода до заката. Династия Неру–Ганди. Книга первая. Мотилал и Джавахарлал Неру. От восхода до заката. Династия Неру–Ганди. Книга первая. Мотилал и Джавахарлал Неру.

Юрлов Феликс Николаевич

От восхода до заката. Династия Неру–Ганди. Книга первая. Мотилал и Джавахарлал Неру.

Институт востоковедения РАН

Москва, 2015, 488 стр.

ISBN: 978-5-89282-646-4

Эта монография посвящена исследованию деятельности
политической династии Неру–Ганди. Работа состоит из двух книг.
В представленной здесь читателю первой книге рассказывается о
том, как складывалась эта династия. От крупного политического
деятеля периода борьбы за независимость Индии Мотилала Неру до его сына первого премьер-министра страны Джавахарлала Неру. В этой связи рассматриваются важнейшие проблемы политической истории Индии во время освободительной борьбы против английского колониального господства и становления независимой Индии до середины 1960-х гг. В последующей второй книге о династии Неру–Ганди исследуются узловые вопросы, связанные с деятельностью дочери Джавахарлала Неру премьер-министра Индии Индиры Ганди, ее сына премьер-министра Раджива Ганди, его вдовы Сони Ганди и их сына Рахула.

English version

The book “The Dynasty. The Story of the Nehru–Gandhi Family” is the first of the two volumes dealing with this subject. It narrates the story of the founding father of this dynasty Motilal Nehru (1861–1931), who was a prominent lawyer and an active political leader. He made a large contribution to the cause of the Indian struggle for independence. He was also a close friend and associate of Mahatma Gandhi. A man of great personality and character, Motilal Nehru strongly influenced his son Jawaharlal (1889–1964). The latter along with Mahatma Gandhi led India to independence and became its first prime-minister.
Jawaharlal Nehru was a man of broad knowledge and intelligence, with a strong will and passion for independence of his country. His life’s work was aimed at building a new India on the principles of democracy and social justice. He played a significant role in the development and strengthening of parliamentary democracy in India. He was a founding member of Non-aligned movement, which exercised significant influence in his lifetime and beyond, and helped promote the image of India as a future great global power. The author of this book examines the most important problems of political history of India during the liberation struggle against British colonial rule and the establishment of independent India until the middle of 1960s. The next second Volume of “The Dynasty” deals with the descendants of the Nehru Family, who became prime-ministers of India. After Nehru, it was his daughter Indira Gandhi. After her assassination in 1984, her son Rajiv became prime-minister. In 1991 he was killed by a terrorist. In seven years, his widow Sonia Gandhi was elected president of the Congress. During her 14 years in power, she has never been elected to this post by a regular All-India party session. Sonia Gandhi used her position as Congress president to promote her son Rahul to the highest posts in the party. But in the parliamentary elections in 2014 Congress suffered a debacle at the hands of the opposition. The political power of both Nehru–Gandhi dynasty members has been interrupted, possibly, for a very long time.